How To Build Horse Jumps

Many different types of horse jumps, or horse jumping obstacles, exist in horse jumping. Horse jumping consists of several different sports, including hunter, show jumping and the cross-country part of eventing, and to make this text concise we have chosen to focus on show jumping. In this article we will describe how to build horse jumps of the most common types that exist in show jumping.

It is important to build horse jumps, or obstacles, that are inviting and safe. The jumps should come down easily if the horse should hit it. This might sound obvious, but unfortunately it is easy to be careless, often because of lack of time. So take your time and build correct and safe obstacles, it will be well worth it. The training will be much more rewarding, both for you and the horse.

Where To Start?

The easiest way to build a course is to start by laying poles on the ground. One pole for a vertical jump, two poles for an oxer, and three poles for a triple bar. Measure all the distances and make sure the course is laid out as you intended. The next step is to carry the wings and the rest of the poles to their respective places, and then start building the horse jumps. This is an easy and efficient way to build a course.

Variation Is Important

The horse jumps should be inviting for the horse. When jumping with a young horse, make sure the jump have wide wings in order to guide the horse into the jump and thereby preventing it from going around it. This will teach the horse to go over instead of around the horse jump. It is also important to have a ground line to help the unexperienced horse to know when to jump. After some training you can occasionally try without the ground line.

To learn how ground lines can help your horse jump better, watch this video:

Variation of fillers in the jumps is good for the young horse. Early in the education you can use fillers such as gates, boxes, bricks, planks and water mats. This will teach the horse to expect different kinds of jumps and it could also help desensitize him/her to the horse jumps seen at competition.

Have at least two meters between wall and jump so that you can ride between them without getting squeezed. Sometimes though, it is good to train on jumps located right next to the wall. especially in riding houses and next to the grandstand. This will teach the horse to concentrate on the jump and not get distracted by things next to it.

The Most Common Types of Horse Jumps

In show jumping there are mainly three different type of jumps used. A Vertical, or upright, is a jump that consists of poles, planks and gates built on top of each other in a vertical line with no spread to jump. When these types of jumps get higher some horses have difficulty clearing them because it is easy to get too close, which can cause the horse to hit the jump with the front legs. You can train on verticals using a ground line 10-20 centimeters in front of the jump. This will help the horse to jump from the right distance.

An Oxer consists of two verticals close together with a spread in between. The maximum difference in height between the two top poles should be 5 centimeters in order for the obstacle to be called an oxer. The most usual type of oxer is the Square oxer, where the two top poles are of equal height. In two other types of oxer the furthest pole can either be higher or lower than the first pole. These two types of oxer are often easier for beginners than the Square oxer.

Triple Bar
Triple Bar Horse Jumps For Sale

The Triple Bar is just like the oxer a spread jump. It consists of three verticals instead of the oxer’s two. The verticals are of varying height and because there are three of them makes the triple bar even wider than the oxer. For a normal horse the triple bar is the easiest of the three types of jumps mentioned. But a lot of riders think it is unpleasant to jump them, and that is why it often requires more training than the other types of jumps. If you would like to buy a triple bar, or other types of horse jumps, be sure to click the image. Amazon have a few cheap horse jumps for sale as well as a ton of other horse products. Or simply visit your local horse shop.

Apart from the vertical, the oxer and the triple bar, there are also other types of jumps, such as walls, cross rails and water obstacles. All these different horse jumps can also be built in Combination with each other, creating a more difficult course. Every type of obstacle presents a new challenge to the horse, but some obstacles are more difficult than others. Water obstacles, for example, can be very challenging, but can be overcome with adequate training.

Final Words

If you want more information on how to make horse jumps you can find a lot of interesting books on the subject by checking out this link.

We hope you enjoyed this article about how to build horse jumps, and be sure to check out the rest of The Horse Journal. You might find other useful information.


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